Arrests and deportations happened mainly in the first days of December 1943 ( the 5th December’s raid) and in the summer of 1944, but they continued until the first months of 1945. Particularly painful was the arrest of the 21 guests of the Jewish Old Ahe home, happend on the 17th August 1944: among them also the old rabbi Adolfo Ottolenghi, who wanted to follow the fate of his own correligionists. All of them were sent by armoured trains, mostly in Auschwitz-Birkenau.
The Nazi/Fascist persecution lasted eighteen months during which Jewish life in the ghetto continued, while sometimes the helping of the non Jews and of the Church didn’t miss. The Venetian Jews taken and deported between 1943 and 1944 were 246. A memorial reminds their names forever in the Ghetto Nuovo square, together with the monument made by the scultor Blatas and devote to Shoah.